For most of historical time, the dominant view was that all creatures, plant and animal, were the product of separate, individual
creations. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.
) believed that both lowly
and highly organized organisms arose spontaneously from
mud, and later others wrote recipes fort he generation of flies, bees,a nd mice
from nonliving precursors. When Aristotle cataloged and gave names to
species, he believed he was cataloging creation. Hundreds of years later,
Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778), originator of our modem system of classification,
also held the view that every species was the result of individual acts of
creation. Only later in his career did Linnaeus begin to consider the possibility
of evolutionary change.